Asthma is a chronic respiratory disorder and is very prevalent all across the world.
There are largely two different kinds of asthma.
A lot of times there are symptoms that resemble asthma but do not actually qualify to be real asthma.
This increases the importance of the need of understanding asthma thoroughly as a disease so that proper prevention and cure can then be practiced.
It is generally classified to be of two types. These are the kinds of bronchial asthma and this categorization is based on the simple criteria of the predominant factors that induce the disease. These two types are:
1. Extrinsic Asthma:
Extrinsic asthma is said to be a form of asthma that is created when the people prone to it are exposed to surroundings containing various allergies and dirt.
Generally, the people who suffer from this do not show any symptoms and appear to be perfectly healthy but upon exposure to an allergen that has the potency to develop symptoms in them, they can develop the symptoms of asthma very quickly.
Hence, the symptoms which get manifested can range from mild to chronic depending upon the reaction of the body towards the allergen. The people who usually develop asthma this way show a tendency towards other allergies and infections also like eczema.
When these people are tested they generally show allergic reactions to one or more than allergens. These allergens can be of any kind. They can be food allergens or dust or animal dirt or smoke or pollutants of any other kind.
It is very important to understand that the people who are usually prone to this kind of asthma may have been suffering from recurrent bouts of cold, cough, and repeated sneezing.
This usually happens because the respiratory tract becomes weakened with every such bout of cold and since the person is already prone to allergies, chances of his system contacting asthma become very high. It’s also a type of asthma that is very common in younger stages of life especially in smaller children who get exposed to atmospheric pollutants a lot.
2. Intrinsic Asthma:
In this asthma type, there is generally not a result of allergic reaction to any kind of allergens. This may occur generally in the next stages of life.
The disease may get very serious and may manifest all of a sudden. This means that the disease has a way of attacking people who do not have any known history of similar or even remotely similar disorders.
This also refers to not having any genetic history of the disease. These facts make it very hard for the patient as well as the doctor as the patient’s psychological acceptance of any disease is of prime importance in any treatment.
Since it is not triggered by allergens, these patients do not respond to anti-allergic treatments of any kind.
This type of asthma normally occurs due to some disease of the lung that may have existed for a long time but may not have been detected. Sometimes it is said that the patients suffering from some kind of bronchial infection in the early stages of life develop intrinsic asthma.
It shows that lung infections need to be detected and treated properly and should never be neglected.
How to Treat Asthma?
First of all, Asthma is NOT a curable disease, NOR a contagious disease, but a controllable one. So taking care of your asthma is a super important part of your life. Making sure you keep tabs on your lung function is super important. To go from 100% lung function and drop to 70% is cause for alarm, but is better able to be treated if you can test this. Doctors test lung function with spirometry tests, performed in their offices. However companies like Airflowy are creating at-home Bluetooth enabled technology to test lung function with the aid of a mobile phone app. This could be great to help asthmatics take control of their condition.
However, there are a lot of treatments and medications that can help manage your asthma. Your healthcare provider may prescribe medications to restrain symptoms. These include:
Anti-inflammatory medicines: These medicines decrease swelling and mucus production in the air pathways. They make it easier for air to enter and exit the lungs.
Bronchodilators: These medications help in relaxing the muscles around the air pathways. The relaxed muscles let the pathways move air. They also let mucus move more easily through the pathways. These medicines relieve the symptoms when they happen.
You can take asthma medicines in many different ways. You can also breathe in the medicines using a metered-dose inhaler, nebulizer, or other inhalers. Your healthcare provider may appoint oral medications that you swallow.